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To rub in means to distribute the fat used in the recipe into the flour evenly so that the flour is finely coated in butter to give a light texture when cooked.

– Add chilled butter cut into cubes to the flour, then pick up the butter with some flour using just your fingertips and break up and squash the butter into the flour.

– Repeat until all the butter is broken into fine pieces and the mixture will look like breadcrumbs.

You should only use your fingertips as this is the coolest part of your hands and will avoid melting the butter to make a sticky mess.